Gene expression studies analyze how genes are "turned On" or "turned Off" in a given sample or condition, and there are many tools for doing this.
High-throughput mRNA sequencing, or RNA-Seq, is a great tool for studying gene expression in diseases such as cancer because it provides a more precise measurement than previous methods. In this research paper we studied how RNA-Seq compared with another tool, DNA Microarrays, for detecting gene expression changes in tumor and stromal cancer samples. We focused on gene models from the Consensus Coding Sequences (CCDS), and noted how both technologies behaved in our samples.
The study of how microbes affect human disease is an area I am very much interested in. In this research paper we developed a method that uses frequentist probabilities to detect bacterial strains in metagenomic samples — samples that are collected from anywhere: rivers, soil, humans, etc — using DNA sequencing data.
Our approach introduces artificial point mutations at the nucleotide level in each DNA sequencing read to define a test statistic for each genome in our reference database of bacterial genomes. Most of the methods out there have a detection resolution that goes as far as the Species-level, but our method achieved a Strain-level resolution.